Artificial intelligence in brief is the simulation made by a human to simulate human thinking and to make our life easier through machines that are programmed with highly intelligent systems that can even solve complicated problems that a human may take hours solving it within a few seconds only.
In 1951 the first successful artificial intelligence program was created by Christopher Strachey
According to Wikipedia:
Christopher Strachey was one of the founders of denotational semantics, and a pioneer in programming language design and computer time-sharing. He has also been credited as possibly being the first developer of a video game.] He was a member of the Strachey family, prominent in government, arts, administration, and academia.
1 - Artificial narrow intelligence (ANI)
Artificial narrow intelligence is also known as weak intelligence. Why is it weak? Because it’s designed to perform a singular task only, it’s not designed for multi-tasking jobs.
For example face recognition and voice recognition
The most familiar example we can talk about is apple Siri, it’s an artificial narrow intelligence as it depends on voice commands and do a singular task at a time and it’s very specific doing that task as well.
More examples of artificial narrow intelligence:
Email spam filters
Disease mapping and prediction tools
2 -Artificial general intelligence (AGI)
Artificial general intelligence is known as strong or deep artificial intelligence, as it’s used to mimic human real intelligence in any complicated calculations and tasks that even can be hard to solve easily by humans. Artificial general intelligence can think, apply, act and take decisions at any situation.
Artificial intelligence systems must have the following:
Cause and effect
The most famous example of artificial general intelligence is the navigation system (GPS)
It can pinpoint a certain location and show a full map with its estimate time
AGI Systems are capable of performing different difficult tasks such as:
Understand symbol systems
Use different kinds of knowledge
Artificial general intelligence is mainly created to perform any task that a human can perform or even more complex tasks than a human can perform regularly.
On the other hand, weak AI excels at completing specific tasks or types of problems. There are existing AI systems use a combination of deep learning, machine learning, reinforcement learning and natural language processing for improvement.
These technologies do not approach the cumulative ability of the human brain.
Different Applications of artificial intelligence
Applications of artificial intelligence in general are countless and can be used in anything, technology can be used and applied to everything and to all sectors
Artificial intelligence in E-commerce:
AI can reduce fraud prevention through different ways one of them is through identifying fake customers’ reviews on products, which can lead to fraud purchase or credit debit card stealing in other cases according to the fake product reviews.
Artificial intelligence can actually recommend for you the best channels to meet your customers and make loyalty bond with them and make you reach them more easily through their search history, preferences and existence
Artificial intelligence in education
Administrative related tasks:
Artificial intelligence can help in automated paper work and Human Resources tasks related to educators toward their work and even helping in back office work like the grading system and automated mails to students.
Any student can have extra learning after lectures or classes through voice assistance without the direct involvement of the educator
Artificial intelligence in lifestyle
Cars companies are now using artificial intelligence through machine learning to help machines to think and act like humans in situations like auto-park and objects detection to avoid accidents.
Many platforms use recommendation systems to make users closer to their favorite brands and products and get user data to provide customized recommendations to them
Application of artificial intelligence in healthcare sector
Many uses are in healthcare sectors regarding the artificial intelligence such as diagnosing early disease and identify cancer cells.
Artificial Intelligence can help analyze chronic conditions with lab and other medical data to ensure early diagnosis.
Through this blog you can understand the importance and the impact of artificial intelligence to our lives.