Artificial intelligence how it started and what we have reached

Artificial intelligence in brief is the simulation made by a human to simulate human thinking and to make our life easier through machines that are programmed with highly intelligent systems that can even solve complicated problems that a human may take hours solving it within a few seconds only.

In 1951 the first successful artificial intelligence program was created by Christopher Strachey

According to Wikipedia: 

Christopher Strachey was one of the founders of denotational semantics, and a pioneer in programming language design and computer time-sharing. He has also been credited as possibly being the first developer of a video game.] He was a member of the Strachey family, prominent in government, arts, administration, and academia.

What are the three types of artificial intelligence (AI)?

1 - Artificial narrow intelligence (ANI)

Artificial narrow intelligence is also known as weak intelligence. Why is it weak? Because it’s designed to perform a singular task only, it’s not designed for multi-tasking jobs.

For example face recognition and voice recognition 

The most familiar example we can talk about is apple Siri, it’s an artificial narrow intelligence as it depends on voice commands and do a singular task at a time and it’s very specific doing that task as well.

More examples of artificial narrow intelligence:

Email spam filters

Self-driving cars

Face recognition

Voice recognition 

Disease mapping and prediction tools

2 -Artificial general intelligence (AGI)

Artificial general intelligence is known as strong or deep artificial intelligence, as it’s used to mimic human real intelligence in any complicated calculations and tasks that even can be hard to solve easily by humans. Artificial general intelligence can think, apply, act and take decisions at any situation.

Artificial intelligence systems must have the following:

Background knowledge

Abstract thinking

Transfer learning 

Cause and effect

The most famous example of artificial general intelligence is the navigation system (GPS)

It can pinpoint a certain location and show a full map with its estimate time

AGI Systems are capable of performing different difficult tasks such as:

Complicated calculations

Learning algorithm 

Understand symbol systems

Use different kinds of knowledge 

Artificial general intelligence VS artificial intelligence

 Artificial general intelligence is mainly created to perform any task that a human can perform or even more complex tasks than a human can perform regularly.

On the other hand, weak AI excels at completing specific tasks or types of problems. There are existing AI systems use a combination of deep learning, machine learning, reinforcement learning and natural language processing for improvement.

These technologies do not approach the cumulative ability of the human brain.

Different Applications of artificial intelligence

Applications of artificial intelligence in general are countless and can be used in anything, technology can be used and applied to everything and to all sectors

Artificial intelligence in E-commerce:

Fraud prevention:

AI can reduce fraud prevention through different ways one of them is through identifying fake customers’ reviews on products, which can lead to fraud purchase or credit debit card stealing in other cases according to the fake product reviews.

Personalized shopping:

Artificial intelligence can actually recommend for you the best channels to meet your customers and make loyalty bond with them and make you reach them more easily through their search history, preferences and existence 

Artificial intelligence in education 

Administrative related tasks:

Artificial intelligence can help in automated paper work and Human Resources tasks related to educators toward their work and even helping in back office work like the grading system and automated mails to students.

Voice assistance:

Any student can have extra learning after lectures or classes through voice assistance without the direct involvement of the educator

Artificial intelligence in lifestyle

Autonomous Vehicles:

Cars companies are now using artificial intelligence through machine learning to help machines to think and act like humans in situations like auto-park and objects detection to avoid accidents.

Recommendation systems

Many platforms use recommendation systems to make users closer to their favorite brands and products and get user data to provide customized recommendations to them

Application of artificial intelligence in healthcare sector

Many uses are in healthcare sectors regarding the artificial intelligence such as diagnosing early disease and identify cancer cells.

Artificial Intelligence can help analyze chronic conditions with lab and other medical data to ensure early diagnosis.

Through this blog you can understand the importance and the impact of artificial intelligence to our lives.

How artificial intelligence did affect your lives?

Radwa Ramzy
marketing & public relations specialist